Dog DELIVERY & Dog or puppy Birth
You must have everything ready before the delivery, even if you are going to call a veterinary when the time arrives.
The typical place for the delivery is a wooden or plastic box with enough capacity for the female dog to lay comfortably in it. It can have walls of 45 cm. of height for three of the sides and the fourth side open, but with a little ribbon on the bottom part to avoid drafts. You can place some security bars at about 10 cm over the base of the box to reserve the puppies the edges of the delivery place, keeping the mother from lying down and crushing them against the box walls without noticing it. The normal thing, if this happens, is that the puppies will howl and the mother will change its position immediately, but not all the dogs are as fast to move and it is always good to take precautions.
Install the delivery place or nest in a quiet area of your house, but with easy access. The dog may need to go out frequently to urinate and defecate. Get your female dog ready to use the nest at least two weeks prior to delivery; otherwise it will perfectly prefer to have its puppies on the sofa. two dog leash
It is convenient to have all the things you'll need for the delivery ready with anticipation:
- A pair of pointed scissors, well sharpened and sterilized, to cut the umbilical cords if it were necessary.
- White thread to tie the cords before cutting them.
- Clean towels for the puppies.
- A bowl with fresh water that the dog should always have at hand.
- A watch to measure the intervals between one expulsion and the other.
- Some breeder put infrared lamps over the nest so the puppies won't get cold, but this would only be necessary if the delivery takes place in an extremely cold place instead of a warm house.
THE Dog DELIVERY, birth of puppies.
About twelve hours before delivery, the body temperature of the dog decreases to 38°C. If you don't dare or you don't want be alert of the thermometer, you can always predict when the puppies are about to be born by observing your dog's conduct. One day before the delivery, the dog will normally reject any food. It may look down and it may be nauseous. It will prepare the nest laboriously and will frequently lick its vulva to clean the whitish, transparent secretion that comes out of it. This is usually a sign that its water has broken and the puppies want to be born. Then, the dog will begin to pant and the contractions will begin. Take notes of the time. When the contractions are stronger and the first puppy is on its way, some dogs feel the desire to change their position and place, try stop it by calming it with caresses and sweet phrases.
The puppies are normally born covered with a strong membrane. The ideal thing is that the mother begins to take it out of the puppies face by licking it and the cut the umbilical cord with the teeth. However, if the mother doesn't do it, you will have to do it in a hurry; scratch the membrane with the fingers to let the puppy breath, tie the umbilical cord pretty close to the puppy's abdomen and then cut it with the scissors at about 2.5 cm of distance from the puppy, between the thread knot and the placenta.
If the puppies are not born in their on placenta, it should be expel next, right after the puppies. It is totally normal for the mother to eat the placentas, but as it has laxative properties, it is convenient to limit its consumption.
The puppies are usually expelled with interval of minimum a few minutes and maximum two hours. Right after the expulsion, the mother or owner should clean the puppy's body and put it immediate on the mother's breast, even if another puppy is being born at the same time. In fact, by sucking, the puppy will promote the contractions and will help its brother to come out. Once the delivery is over, the mother will thank you to take it out to the garden or the terrace for it to urinate and defecate and will also need fresh water. The mother will normally get back to the nest, check the litter and then go to sleep.
Sometimes the mother gets sick after the delivery. If you notice any suspicious flow, fever symptoms, malaise or convulsions, you immediately get a veterinary to check the dog. Place and keep your dog in a wood dog house for better health.
WHEN TO ASK FOR HELP
The normal thing on the female dogs, even if this is their first delivery, is to give bath with relative easiness and the delivery should normally be over in six hours after the first contraction has taken place, as long as the litter is not either more or less numerous than normal (the number varies from one breed to the other, usually not less than 5 puppies or more than 8). However, if the dog takes more than 2 hours to expel one puppy or keeps on pushing a no puppy shows, call the veterinary. Don't personally interfere if it is not an emergency.
Sometimes it will be necessary to practice a surgery, from which the mother and the puppies get usually recovered pretty well.
Only few mothers need help on delivery, but have the closest veterinarian's phone number at hand and do not hesitate to call him at any time if you believe your dog needs help.